Salmonella Meningitis: a rare case in a 3-month-old infant without evident neurological sequelae

Salmonella Meningitis: um caso raro em uma criança de 3 meses de idade sem seqüelas neurológicas evidentes

Authors

  • Isabela Resende Silva Scherrer
  • Daniel Isoni Martins
  • Yan da Silva Raposo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54022/shsv3n2-008

Keywords:

Salmonella, infant, Meningitis

Abstract

We report here the case of a 3-month-old child with an unusual case of Salmonella spp. meningitis. The disease consisted of typical features of prostration, irritability, persistent fever, and seizure. The incubation time was relatively long for non-typhoids (04 days), but, it was relatively short for typhoid strains, whose incubation takes 7 to 14 days. Intravenous ceftriaxone was started on admission. Additional measures were taken due to hemodynamic instability and status epilepticus, requiring volume expansion, continuous infusion of vasoactive amines and intravenous midazolam, and mechanical ventilation. It generally has a poor prognosis in babies with high rates of acute neurological complications (75%) and mortality (13%). However, this case was resolved without evident neurological sequelae. Periodic assessment of cognitive growth and development is essential in this patient.

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Published

2022-04-04